Traditional Educational Institutions in Child Education in Sierra Leone


Sierra Leone is limited on the north-west, north and north-east by the Republic Guinea, on the south-east by the Republic of Liberia and on south-west by the Atlantic Ocean. It has a territory of 27,925 square miles. The province of Sierra Leone began in the deal and cession in 1787 by local bosses to English pioneers of a real estate parcel proposed as a home for African pilgrims who were whithered strays in London and later it was utilized as a settlement for liberated African slaves. The hinterland was proclaimed a British Protectorate on 21st August, 1896. Sierra Leone accomplished freedom on 27th April, 1961 and turned into a Republic in 1971. Training is given by both private and state-supported schools. The current arrangement of instruction is 6-3-4-4 (that is six years Primary school, three years Junior Secondary School, four years Senior Secondary School and four years tertiary/advanced education. This framework is supplemented by non-formal training.


Schooling is oftentimes utilized in the feeling of guidance in the study hall, research facility, workshop or homegrown science room and comprises essentially in the giving by the instructor, and the procurement by understudies, of data and mental just as manual aptitudes. A more extensive importance than guidance is that of tutoring. In other words all that goes on inside the school as a feature of the student’s life there. It incorporates, in addition to other things, connection among understudies and educators, students and students both in and outside the school. J. S. Factory (1931) believed that whatever assists with molding the person; to cause the individual what he to is or ruin him from being what he isn’t is essential for his schooling. Verifiably schooling is deep rooted and omnipresent; it is the whole of all impacts which go to make an individual what he is, from birth to death. It incorporates the home, our neighbors, and the road among others.

Schooling is somewhat an intentional arranged cycle concocted and directed by the teacher with the reason for saturating the student with certain data, aptitudes, of brain and body just as methods of conduct thought about alluring. To some degree it is the student’s own reaction to the climate where he lives. Schooling has three central focuses: the individual/individual upon whom the instructor’s persuasions are brought to bear; the general public or local area to which he has a place; and the entire setting of reality inside which the individual and society have their influence. Man is a social animal; he develops as an individual through the effect of character on character; and in any event, for his fundamental actual requirements he relies upon the assistance and collaboration of his kindred people. Without society and the shared help and advancement of encounters which it gives human progress is incomprehensible and the life of man, in Hobbes’ words, is “singular, poor, frightful, brutish and short.”

One of the basic realities of human life is the strain between the draw of the past and the forward desire into the future, among security and change, convention and development. For viable living,man needs a hover of security, a region of set up propensities and relationship which structures reliable connections. This is additionally valid for society. For its successful working there should be a hidden congruity of customs and viewpoint which protects its way of life as a general public and shields it against the troublesome impacts of progress. Change should be forever and not static but rather this adjustment thusly should be constrained by the essential conventions of society. It is convention which gives a country its character and uniqueness as a general public. The protection of custom consequently is clearly essential.

It has been perceived from days of yore that the protection of conventional schooling has an essential part to play in the improvement of the youngster. The offspring of today are the grown-ups of tomorrow; they should be prepared in this manner, to acquire and sustain the convictions and methods of life curious to the specific culture to which they have a place. For each general public wants to safeguard itself actually as well as local area intentionally sharing certain points, standards and examples of conduct. This sort of training isn’t really formal in schools by methods for homeroom guidance yet that affected in a roundabout way through the family and through the effect on the person of social impacts and customs which the kid can’t sidestep. In Sierra Leone this social instruction included expand services of inception including accomplishments of perseverance in which youngsters and ladies should substantiate themselves deserving of the local area. A definitive objective was to create a person who was straightforward, aware, talented, helpful, and who could adjust to the social thing to get done. As Aristotle once expressed “the constitution of a state will endure if instruction is ignored. The residents of a state ought to consistently be taught to suit the constitution of the state. The kind of character proper to a constitution is the force which keeps on supporting it as it is additionally the state power which initially made it” (p. I).


Conventional instruction has both an imaginative and preservation work in the public arena; it is an amazing methods for protecting a general public’s traditions, if not culture. In the past the nature and necessities of society had an imperative impact in deciding the idea of training. Educator M.V.C. Jeffreys (1950) once wrote in his book, Glaucon, that “in a serene society the instructive framework will in general mirror the social example, while social anxiety and precariousness make opportunity for utilizing training as an instrument of social change”(p.7). A comparable view was shared by John Dewey (1897) who thought that through schooling society can detail its own motivations, can sort out its own methods and assets and accordingly save itself with definiteness and economy toward the path in which it wishes to move. Training looks both to the past and the future; definitely it mirrors the customs and character of society. Conventional training can be utilized to plan for changes in the public arena and envision and forestall changes or the impacts of changes in the public eye.

Conventional training rations and hands on the traditions and lifestyles which establish the personality of a general public and keeps up its solidarity. It likewise encourages society to decipher its capacities in better approaches to address the difficulties of progress, looking for ways or lines of advancement which are steady with the conventions and customs and will simultaneously raise society to a more complete satisfaction of itself.


History uncovers that there were no proper schools where youngsters were instructed in Pre-frontier Sierra Leone. The Poro and Bondo/Sande Secret Societies were viewed as establishments to prepare youngsters. They were bramble schools. Furthermore, the instruction these hedge schools gave was casual. Youngsters who experienced these mystery social orders were viewed as fit for completing their municipal duties. They became grown-ups and can wed and begin life. They viewed themselves as one family. All in all both Secret Societies made a feeling of comradeship and solidarity among individuals independent of family, tribe or ethnic alliance. It was hence viewed as that youngsters who had not experienced these mystery social orders were not completely developed.

The Poro Secret Society is for young men. The otherworldly top of the Poro Society is Pa Gbonu, seen simply by the more seasoned alumni or individuals. The actual heads are the Pa Sama Yorgbors and Pa Somanos. They direct the exercises of the foundation. The senior educators are the Pa Kashis, who by and large instruct and offer guidelines to different initiators. The Pa Manchiyas fill in as educators to the starts while the Kachemas are the terrifying spirits. They alarm the ladies and youngsters the same along with the new starts. The Rakas are the task young men hauling messages around. The Yambas are the head young men. The Bomos are the senior regents while the Sayboms are the officials; and the screens are the Gbanaboms. Casual classes are held in the Secret Poro Bush. The subjects educated incorporate Creative Practical Arts, Performing Arts, Practical Agriculture, Medicine for example utilization of neighborhood spices for the treatment of various diseases), fighting and different abilities. In Creative Practical Arts starts are instructed how to make fishing nets, containers, tangles, and cutting wood and cleanser stones into various items, for example, creatures and people; in Performing Arts starts are shown singing, moving and the utilization of Poro instruments. In Practical Agriculture starts work on cultivating. Young men are instructed to bear difficulty without protest and become used to it. Hence they are taken to the ranches of their instructors and older folks to deal with free premise. Anyway during the collect season starts could go through these ranches taking whatever they require and eat without being addressed by ranch proprietors. Starts are educated to regard seniors and utilization of weapons to murder creatures. In a comparative vein starts are instructed how to utilize weapons in battling with regards to their networks. Different abilities starts are instructed incorporate making fish traps, fishing and chasing net, and basketry. In the utilization of spices starts pay cash (some openly given) for recuperating different disorders just as for insurance against adversaries, underhanded spirits and snake nibbles. Starts who need to make hurt others utilizing spices could ‘recover’ the spice/medication concerned. Over all starts are trained another Language expressed exclusively by individuals called Ke Sornor. For instance fonka trika meaning I am conversing with you; fonka bonomi significance Talk to me. The utilization of this new Language causes graduates extremely pleased and to feel not quite the same as non-starts. Graduates come out with new names, for example, Lamp, Langba and Kolerr. A graduation service peaks the occasion.

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